First Aid Needs Assessment
The Health & Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 set out the essential aspects of First Aid that employers have to address.
Employers have a legal duty to make arrangements to ensure their employees receive immediate attention if they are injured or taken ill at work. Carrying out a First Aid Needs Assessment will assist you in determining the number of First Aiders and Emergency First Aiders you require in your place of work.
How many First Aid trained personnel do I need? The table below sets out the Health & Safety Executive’s guidance:


From your risk assessment, what degree of hazard is associated with your work activities?


How many employees do you have?



What first-aid personnel you need:




 (e.g. offices, shops, libraries)

Fewer than 25

25 -> 50

More than 50



(e.g. light engineering and assembly work, food processing, warehousing, extensive work with dangerous machinery or sharp instruments, construction, chemical manufacture)

Fewer than 5

5 -> 50

More than 50

At least one first-aider trained in FAW for every 50 employed (or part thereof)

At least one appointed person


At least one first-aider trained in EFAW*

At least one first-aider trained in FAW* for every 100 employed (or part thereof).


At least one appointed person

At least one first-aider trained in EFAW or FAW depending on the type of injuries that might occur


*EFAW (Emergency First Aid at Work – 6 hours training)  *FAW (First Aid at Work – 18 hours training)
When carrying out a first aid needs assessment employers should consider:
₊ The nature of the work and workplace hazards and risks
₊ The size of the organisation
₊ The nature of the workforce
₊ The organisation’s history of accidents and illness
₊ The needs of travelling, remote and lone workers
₊ Work patterns such as shift work
₊ The distribution of the workplace
₊ The remoteness of the site from emergency medical services
₊ Employees working on shared or multi-occupied sites
₊ Annual leave and other absences of first aiders
₊ First-aid provision for non-employees
First Aid can save lives and prevent minor injuries becoming major ones.
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